One of the great correlative benefits of my 21 years in Richmond, Va., was getting to know Edouard Nies-Berger. He was in his early 80s when I arrived and I maintained a close friendship with him until the end of his life. I attended his 85th birthday party, he played a recital at St. Stephen’s Church consisting entirely of the music of Marco Enrico Bossi, one of his teachers, and I was in the audience when he played a recital on his 90th birthday at St. Paul’s Church where he was organist emeritus. I even called on him at his apartment in Colmar in the summer of 1990, and I attended his funeral in early 2002. I prepared the following obituary for The American Organist:
Copyright 2002 © Neal Campbell
Edouard Nies-Berger, sometime organist of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra and protegé of and collaborator with Albert Schweitzer, died at his home in Richmond, Virginia, January 17, 2002, at age 98 following a brief illness.
He was born in Strasbourg in 1903 when that region was still part of the German empire. At 15 he saw the French army reclaim the city and the surrounding provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. In 1922 he came to New York at the age of 19 and remained in the United States professionally for the rest of his life, although for many years he maintained an apartment in Colmar.
He played in various churches and synagogues in New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. During his Los Angeles years he found work in the movie studios and recorded the organ music for “The Bride of Frankenstein” and “Border Town.” “They had me play Bach’s great Toccata in D minor while Karloff carried Elsa Lancaster to her execution” Nies-Berger told an interviewer for the Richmond Times-Dispatch in 1991. “It was not my proudest moment artistically.”
Nies-Berger aspired to be a conductor, so in 1937 he left the United States for Salzburg where he studied with Bruno Walter and Rudolf Baumgartner. He was preparing for his European conducting debut when the Nazis took over Salzburg. He moved to Riga, Latvia, and from there to Brussels conducting opera and summer concerts. Shortly after Hitler invaded Poland in 1939, Nies-Berger caught the last boat out of Rotterdam and returned to New York.
He kept his conducting dream alive for a few years in New York where he founded an orchestra comprised mainly of free-lance musicians. These concerts were characterized by progressive programming, often featuring Nies-Berger conducting works for organ and orchestra from the console in Town Hall. He earned the respect of Olin Downes writing in the New York Times. T. Scott Buhrman, writing in The American Organist (no relation to the present day journal of the same name), was particularly effusive in his praise of Nies-Berger’s offerings. “But after renting the halls and paying the stagehands and hiring the musicians, there was no money left. I had married and had a son. It was time to be a responsible father” Nies-Berger acknowledged in the aforementioned interview. In 1940 he moved to Richmond, Virginia, and to relative stability as the organist of Centenary Methodist Church. Attempts to start a symphony orchestra in Richmond had recently failed, and Nies-Berger was frustrated in his attempts to organize musical groups in the city. After only two years, he again returned to New York and began what turned out to be the most fruitful years of his career.
Arthur Rodzinski, the new conductor of the New York Philharmonic, tapped Nies-Berger to be the orchestra’s organist, a position he held for several years playing under such conductors as Walter, Szell, Reiner, Stokowski, and a young Leonard Bernstein.
Albert Schweitzer was a family friend when Edouard was growing up in Strasbourg. His father and Schweitzer had been students together at Strasbourg University where they were each disciples of Professor Ernst Munch, leader of the Bach circle, and father of the conductor Charles Munch. By the time Edouard moved to New York in 1942 , Schweitzer was established in his missionary work in Africa. However, Schweitzer made a trip to the United States in 1949 where he and Nies-Berger were reunited. “To meet Schweitzer again after so many years was a wonderful event for me” Nies-Berger recalled.
Their rekindled friendship culminated in a project that cemented Nies-Berger’s and Schweitzer’s association. Schweitzer had collaborated with Widor in a new edition of Bach’s organ works, the first five volumes of which were published by Schirmer before Widor died and before the outbreak of World War II interrupted the project. Schweitzer asked Nies-Berger to be his collaborator in the remaining three volumes which contained the chorale preludes.
“For the next six years, three or four months each summer, I went to Alsace or Africa to work with Schweitzer. He made a little time every day for Bach. It wasn’t easy–he’d won the [Nobel] Peace Prize already, and everybody in the world was after him for one thing or another. He was too kind to say no. To work with Schweitzer was almost like working with Bach. To know him at such close range was the great spiritual experience of my life. I have never thought the same, or made music the same way, after Schweitzer” said Nies-Berger. For the rest of his life, he kept a plaster cast of Schweitzer’s hand on his piano. By the time the project was finished in the 1960s, the Schirmer Widor-Schweitzer / Nies-Berger edition of Bach’s organ works represented the most current scholarship and was widely used by students and performers.
The demands of professional life in New York became more pressing and Nies-Berger left New York for the last time, as he moved again to Richmond to be the organist and choirmaster of St. Paul’s Church, where he served from 1960 until he retired in 1968. In his retirement he continued to live in Richmond, but he usually spent at least half of the year in Colmar. Much of his retirement time was spent writing treatises on music and philosophy, as well as a memoir about his time with Schweitzer. After multiple rejections from American publishers the memoir (written in English, which by now Nies-Berger considered his primary language) was published in 1995 in a French translation titled Albert Schweitzer m’a dit as part of a series Memoire d’Alsace by the small French firm Editions La Nuee Bleue. Rollin Smith has since prepared an English translation published by Pendragon Press. Nies-Berger was also a composer with several published compositions to his credit, one of which, Resurrection: An Easter Fantasy, is still in print in an anthology published by H. W. Gray.
A memorial service, led by the Rev. Canon Robert G. Hetherington, Rector, was held on January 23, 2002, at St. Paul’s Church in Richmond. Grant Hellmers was the organist, playing selections by Widor, Franck, and Bach.
This obituary appeared in the October 2008 issue of The American Organist and in the same month’s issue of The Diapason.
Copyright 2008 © Neal Campbell
Thomas Richner, 96 years old, July 11, 2008, at his residence in Worcester, Mass. A noted organist, pianist, educator, and composer, Mr. Richner was born in Point Marion, Pa., on November 4, 1911, and grew up in West Virginia. He went to New York City to study piano with Dora Zaslavsky, and continued studies at Columbia University, where he earned the Ed.D. degree. His friendship with Zaslavsky and her husband, the famous painter John Koch, continued throughout their lives. Richner also studied in Germany with Helmut Walcha.
In 1940 Richner won the Naumburg Foundation Competition and began a significant career as a pianist and teacher, eventually teaching at Columbia, and later at Rutgers University. His book Orientation for Interpreting Mozart’s Piano Sonatas, published in 1953, became a standard textbook and solidified his reputation as a “born Mozart player” in the words of The New York Times.
As the organist of Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, in New York City, he collaborated with G. Donald Harrison in designing the rebuilding of and additions to the large Skinner organ. Dr. Richner was later for 22 years the organist of The First Church of Christ, Scientist, the Mother Church, in Boston, commuting there on weekends while continuing his professorship at Rutgers.
He composed solos and organ pieces conceived for use in the Christian Science services and made several recordings as soloist and accompanist on the Mother Church organ, the largest built by the Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company. He also made many piano recordings, including works of Chopin, Mozart, Debussy, and a notable early recording of Bach’s Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue.
He was the founder and, before his retirement, director of the Richner-Strong Church Music Institute at Colby College in Maine. An observant Christian Scientist, he enjoyed life to the full, continuing to practice and play well into his 90s. He leaves many friends to whom he was affectionately known as “Uncle T.” In a 95th birthday interview with Lorenz Maycher published in the December 2005 issue of The Diapason, he concludes, “I’m a big fan of that word L-O-V-E . Love what you are doing, love your friends, love every note you are playing.”
My obituary for William Watkins, my organ teacher from 1967 to 1972, which was published in the November 2004 issue of The American Organist:
Copyright 2004 © Neal Campbell
William Watkins, AAGO, 82 years old, June 17, 2004, at Washington Hospice in Washington, D. C., of acute respiratory failure. An honorary life member of all three Washington-area AGO chapters, Mr. Watkins was director of music and organist at Georgetown Presbyterian Church in Washington, D. C., from 1956 to 1997. He held the position of director of music emeritus until his death. William Watkins was born and raised in Danville, Va. He began his academic music studies in 1941 at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, Md. After a break in his studies, when he served as a chaplain’s assistant in the U. S. Army, he returned to Peabody, where he was a pupil of Virgil Fox. There he received the artist’s diploma, at that time awarded to only 18 students in the history of the conservatory, which was founded in 1888.
While a student in Baltimore, he held his first church position at Washington’s First Congregational Church in 1945. In 1948 he became organist at Washington’s New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, sharing his tenure with the well-known Scottish minister Peter Marshall, during which time large crowds filled the church at Sunday morning and evening services for the exceptional preaching and music. During his eight years there he collaborated with G. Donald Harrison and Joseph S. Whiteford in rebuilding the church’s Skinner organ.
In 1949 Mr. Watkins’ career was launched after he competed in and won the Young Artists Award of the National Federation of Music Clubs, at the time the most prestigious music competition in the U. S. The first organist to win the competition, Mr. Watkins played Leo Sowerby’s then new Sonatina. This was the beginning of a life-long association with Sowerby’s music, culminating in his receiving a lifetime achievement and appreciation award from the Leo Sowerby Foundation in 1996 during the AGO National Convention in New York City. He played solo recitals for national and regional conventions of the AGO, and was a judge for the 1956 National Organ Playing Competition. He was the first organist to perform with the Dallas Symphony, the first organist to play in the Art Institute of Chicago, and the first organist to perform in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D. C. His solo career was curtailed in late 1951 as a result of injuries he sustained in an automobile accident.
In the early 1950s he began a noted teaching career that continued until his death. Many of his students have won competitions and developed careers of their own in churches and academic institutions. At various times he also taught organ at the Washington Musical Institute, the University of Maryland, and Catholic University of America. He recorded for the Aeolian-Skinner “King of Instruments” series, McIntosh Records, and Washington Records. Mr. Watkins’ professional career culminated as director of music and organist at Georgetown Presbyterian church in Washington. Shortly after his appointment he collaborated with Joseph S. Whiteford on the construction of a new 19-rank Aeolian-Skinner organ of unusual design, which he described in a brochure as “not large but extraordinarily resourceful . . . absolutely stunning for its capability, its flexibility, its variety, and its tonal beauty.” With the new organ and the restoration of the historic building and its good acoustics, Mr. Watkins established the church as an important venue for choral and organ music in the oldest Presbyterian congregation in the nation’s capital. He oversaw several additions to the organ over the years.
William Watkins leaves many devoted students upon whose lives he left an indelible mark through his artistry, devoted friendship, humility, and his love of the Aeolian-Skinner organ. A memorial service and interment took place at Georgetown Presbyterian Church. A musical memorial tribute is scheduled at the church on April 2, 2005.
I wrote the following obituary for my predecessor at St. Stephen’s Church, Richmond, Va., and it appeared in the February 2001 issue of The American Organist:
Copyright 2000 © Neal Campbell
Granville Munson, 80 years old, October 23, 2000, Richmond, Va., after a long illness. He was organist and choirmaster of St. Stephen’s Church, Richmond, from 1947 to 1985, and was dean of the Virginia (now Richmond) AGO chapter from 1951 to 1953. Upon his retirement from St. Stephen’s Church, he was named consultant in church music to the Diocese of Virginia. Mr. Munson attended St. Alban’s School and was a choirboy at Washington National Cathedral under the cathedral’s first organist and choirmaster, Edgar Priest. After his voice changed, he continued to serve as the cathedral’s head crucifer until graduation from St. Alban’s School. He earend his B.Mus. degree from the University of Pennsylvania and was organist and choirmaster of St. Mary’s Church, Hamilton Village, Philadelphia. Following service in World War II, Mr. Munson studied with T. Tertius Noble in New York. Shortly after coming to Richmond, he joined the faculty of St. Catherine’s School and St. Christopher’s School, whose campuses are adjacent to St. Stephen’s Church. He was also a founding member of the Richmond Symphony Orchestra in the mid-1950s and he served for many years as Virginia chairman of the National Cathedral Association. More than 100 former choirmembers from the church and the schools participated in his funeral at St. Stephen’s Church. AGO Region III Councillor Neal Campbell, Mr. Munson’s successor, was the organist.